Goat/Sheep Farming - knowledgebase and resources


#1

Dear All,
if any one is interested in asking questions on Goat Farming, please revert back to me.

[color=blue]Moderator Note: Mr. Mustafa owns and consults on goat/sheep farming and has kindly offered to advise and help on any questions from other farmers on the forum. Of course, everyone else is free to contribute to the knowledgebase and add any resources too.[/color]


#2

A)     INTRODUCTION ABOUT GOATS :-
                    ----------------------------------------------------
Goat is a multi functional animal and plays a significant role in the economy and nutrition of landless, small and marginal farmers in the country. Goat rearing is an enterprise which has been practiced by a large section of population in rural areas. Goats can efficiently survive on available shrubs and trees in adverse harsh environment in low fertility lands where no other crop can be grown. In pastoral and agricultural subsistence societies in India, goats are kept as a source of additional income and as an insurance against disaster. Goats are also used in ceremonial feastings and for the payment of social dues. In addition to this, goat has religious and ritualistic importance in many societies.

B)   BREEDS OF GOAT :-
    --------------------------------
      India has 20 discreet breeds of goats out of the globally identified 102 breeds. The Indian breeds are evolved through natural selection for adaptation of specific agro - ecological conditions. Important breeds like Jamunapari and Barbari are reared in central parts of India. Black Bengal and White Bengal in Eastern regions and Sangamneri and Malabari  in Deccan, Osmanabadi in Westerns Plateau and Coastal areas. The Goat has its authorative place under all production system. It is the only species that can be successfully farmed with any level of intensification.

C) ADVANTAGES OF GOAT FARMING

 The initial investment needed for Goat farming is low.

 Due to small body size and docile nature, housing requirements and managerial problems with goats are less.

 Goats are friendly animals and enjoy being with the people.

 Goats are prolific breeders and achieve sexual maturity at the age of 10-12 months gestation period in goats is short and at the age of 14-16 months it starts giving milk. Twinning is very common and triplets and quadruplets are rare.

 In drought prone areas risk of goat farming is very much less as compared to other livestock species.

 Unlike large animals in commercial farm conditions both male and female goats have equal value.

 Goats are ideal for mixed species grazing. The animal can thrive well on wide variety of thorny bushes, weeds, crop residues, agricultural by-products unsuitable for human consumption.

 Under proper management, goats can improve and maintain grazing land and reduce bush encroachment (biological control) without causing harm to the environment.

 No religious taboo against goat slaughter and meat consumption prevalent in the country.

 Slaughter and dressing operation and meat disposal can be carried without much environmental problems.

 The goat meat is more lean (low cholesterol) and relatively good for people who prefer low energy diet especially in summer and sometimes goat meat (chevon) is preferred over mutton because of its “chewability”

 Goat milk is easy to digest than cow milk because of small fat globules and is naturally homogenized. Goat milk is said to play a role in improving appetite and digestive efficiency. Goat milk is non allergic as compared to cow milk and it has anti-fungal and anti bacterial properties and can be used for treating uro genital diseases of fungal origin.

 Goats are 2.5 times more economical than sheep on free range grazing under semi arid conditions.

 Goat creates employment to the rural poor besides effectively utilizing unpaid family labour. There is ample scope for establishing cottage industries based on goat meat and milk products and value addition to skin and fiber.

 Xv ) Goat is termed as walking refrigerator for the storage of milk and can be milked number of times in a day.



#3

The cost can be divided in 2 mainly Capital Cost and Running Cost

Capital Cost Comprises of amount required for purchasing the Live Stock, constructing the shed, accommodation and toilets for you and your labour, water troughs and feeders, fodder cutting machine and other small expenses like ears tags if you have your own land.
It is very good if you can take any land with poultry shed on lease and start goat farming as many people who are in shortage of money are doing this by taking my advice.

Running Cost includes cost incur from salaries of labour, vaccination, light and water, transportation and fodder maintenance



#4

Dear Friends,

You can grow the fodder like Maize, Jawar, Hybrid Napier RBN13, Lucerne, Stylo Scabra, Subabul and Bajra  for your Goats if you are sending the animals for Grazing also.

You have to grow Monocotyledons which comprises of Maize, Jawar, Hybrid Napier, Gunea Grass, Oats and Para grass. These fodders are rich in energy and are used for supplying energy to animals and this should contain 66% of the diet.

Secondly you have to also grow Dicotyledons like Stylo , Lucerne, Berseem and Subabul. These fodders are rich in protein and helps in Body building of animals and Milk Production.
Please contact your local Agriculture University to get best variety of seeds / Slips of Fodder.



#5

Dear Farmers,
please ask the Doubts about Goat /Sheep farming. i will help you as much i can


#6

Hi
i have mango garden in outskirts of hyderabad and we bought 100 sheep with near by farmers  20 days back, their age is 3 months and they are doing good.
which type of rearing  you’ll recommend,  stall fed or semi intensive or intensive? and your opinion about silage
Thanks
Rajesh


#7

Dear Sir,

This is what I feel and I am sharing my experience on intensive and semi intensive with all the Goat / Sheep farmers on this website.

Intensive farming is suitable

 for those farms where there are no near by lands for grazing or the owners are more cautious about the health of the exotic breeds and they don’t want  his animals to get mix with the flocks of local farmers and catch various diseases or drink the contaminated water on road side due to in competent grazing staff.

 where the  farm owners are having only limited land and they cant get near by land on lease or  not allowed  for free grazing due to their bad relationship with the neighbors.

 Where the  live stock farms are very closed near by villagers who are having crooks or near by forest or presence of  irresponsible staff where the owner is 100% sure that if the animals are taken out they can easily stolen by near by villagers who are un employed or eaten by fox or wild dogs or sold by the grazing  staff in the market at cheap rate and this staff will always give miss lead them  that Goat / Sheep has been eaten by wild dogs or wolfs or it has mixed by mistake in others people flocks by mistake and bring back the animals from their home or relatives if the owner take severe action on them.

 Where the near by land can only be available after harvesting the crops if the owner is only confined land.

Semi Intensive Farming

I like to high light some more benefits which I am knowing and I am always recommending all my friends to  do semi stall feeding ( stall feeding + 3 to 4 hours of  Natural Grazing)  because

Most of the farm owners start with low budget or take loan from bank and I don’t want our farmers to incur high running cost due to intensive farming and it is my 1st responsibility to reduce the running cost of poor farmers as a educated farmer.

 The animals will get daily good exercise and they will active for mating,

 The fodder from the owner land can also be saved to some extent which can lead to reduction in Running Cost.

The farm owners of the Goats /sheep farms can leave their Goats/ sheep to graze/browse on the crop residue of near by agriculture farmer when the crop has been harvested. The advantages of this system is that increase in fertility of the land by droppings and urine of these animals, control of wasteful habits, good growth rate, easier management and possible increased crop yields in future. Here the Goat / sheep  farm owner will get fodder for his goats and agricultural farmer will get fertility in the land by the droppings. If the land and time is more the goat farmer can give some day / night droppings.

Here the goats/ sheep  are grazed round the year for a few hours daily  animals should be  given good nutritious fodder which is rich in energy and protein apart from Concentrate. This system of management can be suitable for variable type of climate and small to medium size flock as very few farmers are having animals in thousands.

Due to the non availability of grazing lands, it is very difficult to find free grazing lands especially surroundings of Hyderabad city. Health management is also a task in extensive grazing. Cost of the silage is not less than Rs.6/- per animal/day. It is also costing a lot. In both breeding and fattening business models it is a rope walk. But our clients are managing as the end unit selling price is good and they have their own marketing systems


#8

Thanks for the informative answers.

what i feel is that semi intensive is a better choice than the rest,
In intensive farming
Maintaing hygiene of the shed is very difficult, the amonia released from the shed is causing more mortality than the parsite mortality of semi intensive which can be controlled with regular deworming

Cost per day  is more than what we gain from animal weight leading to loss

Different varieties of grass  are available in semi intensive leading to more intake (upto 5 kgs) by the animal per day than the monotonous silage ( 2 kgs/day) which leads to more wt gain with less cost

The soil will be more fertilized with droppings and urine which leads to more yeilds

 


#9

Thanks for replying Sir,
if you need any more help please let us know.
please let us know what precaution you are taking in order to avoid mortality from Ammonia


#10

Dear Sir

To avoid more ammonia

Floor is tiled with bricks with gap of one inch filled with sand so that urine drains off immediately without soiling the droppings
Maintaining good hygiene
Allowing plenty of sunlight to the shed

Pls correct me if i am wrong and add your suggestions


#11

A nice bunch of goat information links are here, there is also a section specific to Indian Goat Farming:
beginningfarmers.org/goat-farming/


#12

Project Report on Osmanabadi Goats (Not for Bank with following topics) at 1000 Rs only with folllowing topics

Ø    Introduction & Advantages on Goat farming

Ø    Complete details of Osmanabadi Goats

Ø    General guide lines based on practical experience & theoretical guide lines

Ø    Assumptions taken to prepare the project report

Ø    Shed & feed facilities

Ø    Expenditure - capital cost which is 1 time set up & running cost & profit for 1 year.


#13

hi rajesh
it looks like you have good understanding of sheep/goat farming
can you share your knowledge regarding the same on this forum
Am looking to start sheep farming  with medium investment
am really new to this business
i would really appreciate any help in this regard
Regards
zavi


#14

Rajesh is having very good knowledge about sheep and i appreciate him
if any one needs goats please contact us


#15

Hello Every one

May Peace be on you all

I was reading all posts submitted by you all for quite a few days and this has given me a lot of information.

I thank all of you for providing such valuable inputs.

Regards

Aejaz Hussain


#16

Thanks
You are Welcome Aijaz Bhai


#17

Dear Mustafa, do you have any info on this topic: farmnest.com/forum/animal-farmin … ous-goats/


#18

Thanks


#19

We, Shine farms, Hyderabad are selling the female Goats at 150 Rs /kg and male at 180Rs /kg for Meat purpose from our farm in Hyderabad. The breed will mix breed.

Breeding female Osmanabadi Goats will be 165 /kg and Male 220Rs /kg.

This is very good time to purchase the project report on goat farming for the people who are interested in starting the Goat farm at there home place or any where  after Monsoon as it is not recommended even for enemies also to start the Goat farm during the rainy season.

We have also developed for our valued customers the Project report on Goat farming by which they can get a complete idea about the Goat farming and what ever are the Queries we will answer them by email or Phone.

Our Project Report Cost is very reasonable and it cost only 1000 Rupees and which includes the following 14 topics

 Distribution of Various Goat Breeds in India

 Introduction & Advantages on Goat farming

 Training Institutes details in India

 Marketing Strategy

 Green fodder Production for the Goats

 Various Products from Goats

 Complete details of Osmanabadi Goats

 General Guide lines based on practical experience & theoretical guide  lines

 Goat Diseases ,Symptoms and treatment

 Assumptions taken to prepare the project report

 Normal & Low Cost Shed.

 Feeding facilities

 Expenditure - capital cost which is 1 time set up & running cost & profit for 1 year.

 Correct Procedure for transportation of Goats to your farm and caring after arrival at your farm.

If you are interested Please deposit the 1000 Rs at below A/c Number and call my younger brother at 9989579586 for confirmation and I will email you the project report on same day



#20

tnx