The golden thai dwarf papaya produce early flowers in tropical climate and produce flowering and fruits for extended duration . Farmers should always try new ideas like growing new golden thai dwarf papaya to earn more income and find an easy market .
Tropical papaya is a fruit that used to be relatively unknown outside of the tropics, but today you can find it just about any supermarket. Papaya fruit is loaded with nutrients so there is much to be gained if this fruit strikes your fancy. One serving has high fiber and potassium, iron, calcium, plus the daily requirement of vitamin A and three days worth of vitamin C. Papaya contains antioxidants which can protect from certain types of cancer, such as colon cancer, and is known to help with digestive problems.
Papaya is eaten just like a melon. Shaped somewhat like a pear, papaya is very sweet but does not have a high sugar content. Green papayas contain the most papain, which is an enzyme that is used to tenderize meat and help with inflammation in the human body. Papaya has bright yellow to green mottled skin. When ripe, the outside skin will be more of a golden color. Other types of papayas turn pink or orange inside when they are ripe. Christopher Columbus called papayas the “Fruit of Angels”. High fiber helps to regulate and clean out your colon. All together it contains a whole group of vitamins, including A, C, E, B-9 and K.
In addition to vitamins, Papaya contains antioxidants, known as phytochemicals, which can protect the body from heart disease and certain forms of cancer. These antioxidants protect the body from toxins known as free radicals, which can attack cells. Papaya also contains a couple of enzymes which are good at digesting protein. These are chymopapain and papain. One of the benefits of these substances is that they can help reduce inflammation for people who have arthritis, osteoarthritis, or asthma.
Height: 10-20 ft. (3-7 m)
Spacing: 8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
Sun Exposure: Full Sun
Bloom Color: White/Near White
Bloom Time: Blooms all year Repeatedly
Foliage: Grown for foliage, Aromatic
Other details: This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Flowers are fragrant,
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Soil pH requirements: 7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)
Propagation Methods: From seed
Plant population and spacing
Spacing - 2.5 M row to row and 1.80 M plant to plant spacing
No of plants per acre - 888 plants
No of fruits per tree - 80-100
Weight of each fruit - 2.0 kgs
Total no of fruits per acre = 888 plants * 60 fruits / tree = 53,280 fruits ( After rejection and damage , 60 fruits per tree is marked for commercial sales )
Yield of fruits per acre = 53,280 fruits * 2.0 kgs per fruit = 100 MT ( 106,560 kgs )
Income per acre = 106 , 560 kgs * Rs.15 per kg ( gate price )=Rs.15.98 lac for 18 months duration . Per month income is (1598400/18 months )= Rs.88,800
Manure and fertilizers per plant for the first year
Farmyard manure - 10-15 kgs
Urea - 0.300 kg
Super phosphate - 0.50 kgs
Potash - 0.300 kgs
Manure and fertilizers for the second year
Farmyard manure - 20 kgs
Urea - 0.5 kg
Superphosphate - 1.5 kgs
Potash - 0.300 kg