This is a reply to the post of Mr.Chandra on opportunities in farming. It is not a detailed article but a quick write up. Maybe I will write an article in detail later.
Most of the people who come into the farming business lose heart because there is no proper guidance available and have to do most of the things on a trial and error basis and by the time they find the right way to do it, they are either broke or fed up with the whole setup… (all these are my experience, it can be different to many others). The main reason being very few who do it professionally to guide the other or some have no idea and maybe the rest don’t want to share the info for free. The next reason I found is that marketing your produce. With all the running around you do to gather information, the time spend, the money spend on producing that specific product, you finally end up with less than the production cost for the product. The main reason being no proper marketing system in place that supports the farmer. The person who makes the money is the middlemen.
Another reason is the long wait to get rewarded. (you have to wait for the crop to yield and give you returns, which normally takes 5 to six months after planting or sowing depending on the corp).
Now if guidance is there and you get value for your product (proper marketing) and immediate gratification (quick returns) the whole process of farming is interesting and profitable.
All this happens by proper planning. You need to budget your capital into different sections.
In the last three years I did a lot of experiments and mistakes and now has devised a module that has started to bring in results. For immediate returns I have Quail and duck layers on my farm. Quail start laying at 45 days after hatching and they lay 300+ eggs at one go. The space requirement is less ( in 300 sq ft you can grow 2500 quail on a multilayer stand system), feed conversion ration is profitable (can be discussed in detail on how to cut the cost of feed, because in livestock rearing 70% of the investment made is on feed and any savings on that front is additional benefit). Ducks also will give quick returns because layer ducks are available and so no waiting for five and a half months for the duck to start laying. Easy to manage because of their feeding pattern.(here too feeding cost can be cut to 50% of the normal type by methods that I have devised over this period of time). In the normal case where you sell a duck egg for 2.75/- in the wholesale market, your cost of production would be 2 to 2.25/-. but the cost can be brought down to 1.25 to 1.5/-(the profit is .75 ps to 1 rupee more than the normal practice) per egg plus the sale price increased from 2.75 to 3.5/-(proper marketing gives you another 75 ps extra here too). Same is the case of quail eggs, you can make a profit of .75 to 1/- per egg. Secondly I have planted bush jasmine 1000 nos which will come to bearing in August this year. This crop has a life of 15 years and the rates per kilo are very promising (as per the rates of last few years data collected). Another veg corp that has started yielding is Ivy gourd. This plant starts yielding within 45 to 60 days of planting ans has a life of 3+ years. It is a creeper plant and gives two harvest per week. I can give details on costing , operating exp etc in detail later. I am writing this just to give the people out there some confidence as to profit is 100% possible in farming and i am making profits. I entered farming to make money and my first few years were disappointing but my determination is showing results now. I am more than happy to guide anyone who needs support or share my experience. Will need more time and bigger writeup to elaborate on each topic. … Need more info pls get in touch. Kevin (firstname.lastname@example.org or 9845520116).