Selecting Cow for a Dairy farm

[b]Dear all
Selecting a good cow is the most crucial activity for a dairy farmer. Success of the dairy farm depends upon proper selection of cow. The following tips will help in selecting a good  cow for a dairy farm. You can ask for clarification on below mentioned points.

  1. Select cow  either in first or second lactation and in second month of calving
  2. Do not purchase purebred exotic cows as it is difficult to maintain them under our climatic condition. You can select either crossbred exotic  or pure bred indigenous milch breed like Sahiwal, Gir,Red Sindhi  etc.
  3. Skin of the cow should be shining & elastic
  4. Milk vein of the cow should be prominent & tortuous
  5. Udder of the cow  should be Soft and spongy  without lumps
  6. Teats should be uniform
  7. Eyes should be bright without discharge
  8. Muzzle of the cow should be Dark moist and cool
  9. Ears  should be alert without discharge
  10. Horns  should be smooth
  11. Hoofs should be uniform without  lameness
  12. Thorax of the cow  should be wide & ribs should be  well arched
  13. Pelvis should be Well developed
  14. Calf of the cow must be healthy

Kindly clarify the following
1- What is muzzle?
2- What is milk vein ?

Dear SKS

[size=140]Muzzle is the nose of animal. In cow it is the place between two nostrils. In healthy cow you will notice small dew drop like  secretions over muzzle. If secretion is present over muzzle  called as moist muzzle. If no secretion is present  it is called dry muzzle. Dry muzzle in cow indicates disease or some internal problems.(photo  of muzzle is attached)
Milk vein is a long and  large vein which is found on lower side of abdomen just below skin. It takes blood from udder to heart. A large zigzag milk vein is considered as a good  dairy characteristic. (photo attached)

Dear Mr. Kar,

Thanks for your suggestion.
Could you please give me your mobile phone, so that I can contact you for a dairy farm in Odisha.
My email is:



Thank you for sharing

I am also planning to starting a dairy farm in Odisha. Could you share you knowledge & experience with me.
Could you give me your contact details.


Vishal Goel