Are there any standard organic alternatives to chemical fertilizers and pesticides?
For example, what is the alternative to commonly used nutrients like MOP (Murate of Potash), pesticide/insecticide like Chloropyriphos, Quinolphos?
Are there any standard organic alternatives to chemical fertilizers and pesticides?
In organic farming there is no method of providing nutrients individually. You can use Fish meal/Bone meal/ Cold Ash(ash cooled for a fortnight) Check link agritech.tnau.ac.in/org_farm/orgfarm_manure.html
or you can prepare a organic input called “Sudumannu” it is in practice in coastal Karnataka. Layers of leaf litter and soil must be piled. you have to leave a space of 6inch dia in the middle of the pile for oxygen supply. ignite this in the evening and in the morning it will be burnt in limited oxygen burning process. leave it for cooling for a week.
You can use K bacteria of Potassium Solubalizing bacteria along with compost.
All above wont work as fast as MOP.
You can replace Chloropyriphos, Quinolphos with below
Agniastra, Brahmastra and neemastra check this link palekarzerobudgetspiritualfa … stra.aspx#
If you want a off the shelf organic insecticide here are the list
Bacillus thuringiensis: Caterpillars, Weevils, Leafhoppers, Bugs, Grubs and Leaf-feeding insects
Beauveria Bassiana:Caterpillars, Weevils, Leafhoppers, Bugs, Grubs and Leaf-feeding insects.
Verticillium lecanii:Whiteflies, Thrips, Aphids and Mealy bugs.
Nomuraea rileyi: Fruit borer, Stem borer, Golden back moth etc…
All above are bio culture based insecticide and should be sprayed during 6AM-10AM and 4PM-6PM. These should not be mixed with any other inorganic formulations. These are available in UAS Dharwad, UAS Hebbal/GKVK Bangalore or Criyagen a Pvt company under partenership with UAS Dharwad
Other than below
you can use Yellow sticky pads.
You can use Pheromone traps.
You can plant trap crops on the boundary
Dear Raghu Bhat sir, Organic mannures contains almost all the fertilisers, micronutrients and nano nutrients. only Percent/quantum will be less .
As you asked, regarding Murate of potash, it is also available in deep sea mines ( dead seas). They mine, process ,isolate MOP and market. Like wise, sulfate of potash also.
The percent of potash content will be more, but unfortunately it is catagorized as inorganic fertiliser only. ( both MOP and SOP )
Organic fertilisers also contains more potash content, in Leaf mould Compost, Granite dust, hardwood burnt ash etc, and less in all most all organic fertilisers
Main advantage in using more organic mannures is, Potash will be in water soluble stage, along with all most all the other ingredients required by the plants, are available. In inorganic mannures ,say MOP, only potash is available and not easily soluble in water.
We are cultivating organic vegetables on a 5 acres land, the crops are tomato, beans, capsicum, chillis etc
Kindly suggest good organic pesticides as we notice the leaves being eaten by some pests.
Merged the topic. Please see all posts in this thread
Dear Farmer Friends, and Rghubhat sirs, out of my exposure of 30 years in agriculture, of course associated from my childhood,i want to discuss/inform the following points.
- Our organic/Natural fertilisers are not isolated fertilisers, like chemical fertilisers. As you know very well, nitrozen will be available in the form of, urea mostly, and its content will be 46% and it will not have any other ferti content. Likewise single super Phospate,which will be around 16 %, i beleive.
Of course there are some fertilisers with two combinations like Ammonmium Sulphate, in which Nitrozen and sulphur are there, and some with three, like 19:19:19, 20:10:10, 20:20:20 etc.But all the above are very costly when compare with single isolated fertilisers.
If you take Rock phospate or bone powder, or fish meal, which are substitute for SSP, will have so many other fertiliser contents apart from phospate. Like it ,if you apply FYM, any cakes,Vermicompost,any compost, we will get nitrozen also along with so many other major, micro and nano nutrients, required by all most our plants, may be at lesser quantity.
With natural farming and organic farming , mostly no plant will suffer with deficiency. The plant will get all most its required essential elements.
So it is very difficult to show alternative fertilisers for isolated chemical fertilisers.
As regards to chemical pesticides , they kill all, both usefull and damaging bacteria, fungus and also can damage the plant development mechanism also.
Where as in organic pesticides, they are of friendly in nature with usefull bacteria/fungus and they destroy only damaging bacteria/fungus.In bacteria/fungus , damaging bacteria will eat plants root system and bark etc, and useful bateria/fungus will kill and eat these damaging bacteria/fungus.
Organic/Natural pesticides are like Live and Let Live policy.
The above is only in a language of a farmer, lack of nominclatures and technicolity in wordings,and due appologies to our professors, qualified experts to teach us the exact information,where ever possible, and correct us ,where ever required, for helping the farming community.
The advantage of Natural/organic farming is good to folloow, though it may be costly,
as the plants will be healthy, farm produces will be healthy and tasty, and farmers also will be healthy, whealthy and happy.
Pl discuss and come open. let us share our views.
with best wishes, g.p.rao, farmer
Dear GPRao sir,
Thanks a lot for your valuable feedback. Your views really make sense.
Just two questions:
- If organic farming is better in terms of nutrition and disease management, why do most of the agriculture experts/scientists suggest chemical farming? Is it only because of the cost?
- If we prepare all the organic manure/fetilizers/pesticides ourselves, will it still work out expensive compared to the chemicals?
Dear Raghu sir, There are so many reasons for either experts or agri scintists and or farmers, to prefer chemical farming.
First is , we can be comfortable with organic farming, if the crop is of tree type. If we go for say mango , sapota, jack etc, it is very easy for the farmer to go for organic farming. All most all the mannures, ie FYM, Cakes, Composts are available and can be fed to the plants. The said tree plants are mostly selection varieties and they are much adjusted with organic farming/Inputs. We can plan for the said mannures in advance and twice or thrice in a year we will fed to the plants.Even most of the experts/Agri scintists, also advising for organic culture only.
Some of the farmers , are following both combined methods. They are not taking any organic certification, to the soil major part of the fertilisers they are feeding organic and some part chemical, and they are using chemical fertilisers. Mostly State govt agri/horti officers also suggesting both org/chem fertilisers.
Mainly Hybrid plants in vegetables, flowers and fruit varieties, they are monster eaters. That to they yield vigorously, and requires fertilisers also heavily. In these junctures the said experts suggest to go for chemical farming, as you said. The fact is ,if proper nutritional fertilisers,both major,micro/nano are not fed in time for these plants, the yields and quality are considerably affected. Which is a major loss.
Even in the hybrid said crops also, we are following these systems, ie; applying all organic fertilisers initially and once again in quarterly and applying required/recommended liquid fertilisers, (water soluble) once in alternative days through venturies, as per the company/Expert advices. In pesticides also, organic bio pesticides will be given in the soil and for spray purposes, chemical fertilisers are used. These systems are giving good results and followed by some. But this is not considered as organic certification.
Practically many are preffering chemical as you said is because, production cost is less, easy availability any time and easy to apply. BUT PRACTICALLY THE CHEMICAL FARMING IS VERY PROBLAMATIC in long run for the land, for the farmer and of course for the environment.
I suggest to follow ORGANIC if possible and if not follow applying maximum organic inputs to the extent possible.
Second is preparation of organic fertilisers/Bio pesticides, you can follow your own preparations, where ever is possible.
you can prepare Good Jeevamrutha, Panchagavya etc easily and proven results are existing if they are applied regularly. For this you have to maintain one or two nati cows. for purchase Good FYM is available,all cakes are available,and you have to collect good information, where they are cheap.
All the best to you. g.p.rao, farmer
Mr. Rao has explained to great details how the organic farming can benefit and reduce cost. Thank you for that sir.
I feel one of the biggest hurdles in Organic Farming is the fertilizer management. We can make liquid manures like Jeevamrut, however taking it to each plant can be challenging. For this reason we have created a filtration mechanism in terms of a ready made filter tank.
We have invested great amount of time on this topic and have come up with a solution. Our innovator friend Mr. Subhashchandra Tanpure has also been awarded by Govt. of India for this innovation.
Our Product Pruthviraj Filter gives a perfect tool for filtering Jeevamrut to Crystal Clear liquid which will not leave a single suspended particle in the liquid. This enables the liquid to be injected through Drip. Farmers who want to consistently be able to give Jeevamrut must try this out.
The filter sounds quite interesting. I will get in touch with you for details.