Lesser known , aromatic plant species of India has remained underutilized and large scale cultivation is rare .
Botanical name : Pandan ( Pandanus amaryllifolius ) also called in other vernacular names; Rambha ,Rampe , Biriyani kaitha , Ambemohor pat , Polau pata etc.
Origin : Pandan plant (Pandanus amaryllifolius) is a medicinal as well as aromatic plant.
A native of South east Asia .
This upright green plant has narrow blade shaped leaves and woody aerial roots.
P. amaryllifolius is the only among Pandanaceae family that has fragrant leaves .It is an ancient cultigen that is now grown in tropical peninsular countries viz. Sri Lanka , Thailand , India , Malaysia , Indonesia , Singapore , Vietnam , Taiwan, Philippines where good moisture regimes are present in soil and air .
P. amaryllifolius is the only species among family Pandanaceae that has fragrant leaves. It is an ancient cultigen that is now grown in tropical peninsular countries viz., Sri Lanka, Thailand, Southern India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Vietnam, New Guinea, Taiwan and Philippines where good moisture regimes are present in air and soil
It was introduced in India from Indonesia in west Bengal in 1778 .
Since then it has spread throughout coastal regions of India especially Karnataka , Tamilnadu , Kerala , Odisha , Konkan , Andaman- Nicobar island .
Pandan leaves are widely used in Southeast Asia Musky-scented leaves produce a smell like basmathi rice. In addition to the culinary uses, pandan leaves have so many cosmetic and medicinal uses. It is also a natural repellent to cockroaches.
Fresh leaves are sold in the selected supermarket @ rs 350-450 / kg
NOTE : Screw Pine ( Pandanus odoratissimus ) also called Kewra , White lotus , is well known to us is sister of Pandanus amaryllifolius .
Costal district of Gunjam in Odisha is the largest producer of kewra essential oil .
1st pic Pandan
2nd pic Kewra
For cultivation interested farmers can contact through email : email@example.com