Drip irrigation is the slow, precise application of water and nutrients directly to the plants’ root zones in a predetermined pattern using a point source. As we all know water is the most precious and now not free anymore. To use the water wisely in farming drip irrigation technique is very effective.
For a successful irrigation system , it must include proper design, correct installation, the right component selection, the proper layout, and equally important, appropriate maintenance and drip irrigation has all the features and flexibility to adapt any layout,any location.
Drip irrigation system delivers water to the crop using a network of mainlines, sub–mains and lateral lines with emission points spaced along their lengths. Each dripper/emitter, orifice supplies a measured, precisely controlled uniform application of water, nutrients, and other required growth substances directly into the root zone of the plant.
Water and nutrients enter the soil from the emitters, moving into the root zone of the plants through the combined forces of gravity and capillary. In this way, the plant’s withdrawal of moisture and nutrients are replenished almost immediately, ensuring that the plant never suffers from water stress, thus enhancing quality, its ability to achieve optimum growth and high yield.