Small Dairy Herd farming vs Large Dairy Herd (LDH) farming.
Big difference is there between the two. Total style of management will change plus the methods & systems there.
Large Dairy Herd (LDH).
The farming methods, feeding, milking, housing, cow care etc will change completely when it comes to big Farms normally seen in Middle East, USA, Turkey, and Australia etc. Here in most places the cow takes care of herself. The cows are free to move in their shed for rest, water and feed requirements.
The cows say around 300 to 500 numbers are housed in a shed. The farm will be having sections or different sheds grouping various types of cows like freshly calved cows, those in mid lactation, end lactation, dry cows, just conceived cows, middle stage of pregnancy, cows about to calve, sick animals like that. The idea of keeping them in different sheds or sections helps the management give more care and attention like feeding rations, medicines, vaccinations, de-wormers, calcium and vitamin requirements etc. The cows will have separate resting areas, where another cow cannot disturb. They are separated using cow cubicles made of hot dip galvanized piping. On the floor, some farms use cow mats also to protect the cow from cold weather and from rough surface to protect them from injury caused in the udder, thigh and knee areas.
The cows can be given different feed schedule as per the cow’s energy requirement at that particular time. For e.g. freshly calved cows will be given feeds, greens and other supplements to boost production. Similarly, ration will be different for those in mid lactation, end lactation, dry cows & pregnant cows. Batch wise feeding ensures that the right cow gets the required energy levels needed for that cow to perform.
Natural breeding is one way out. Just leave a bull out with one set of cows, and the bull finds and mates with the cows on heat. One bull could be sufficient for a group of 30-50 cows. This will also depend on the age of the bull. Mature bulls can handle more cows; say 30-50 per season. Once in a while test the bull semen too. Quarantine your bull before you introduce him to your herd. You may keep him for 45-60 days on an average. Watch your herd well so as to get an idea. Heifers are calves that have not been bred before or have never calved earlier. It is recommended to wait for 15 months of age before breeding heifers for the first time. A ideal heifer should have at least 60 to 65% body weight of the herd before she is bred for the first time. Notice the estrus periods of the cow so that you can artificially inseminate her. A heifer can be successfully bred during her heat days.
Cow brush: 2 brush system – one horizontal, one vertical -
With one horizontal and one vertical brush - a selective cleaning of the back, massage, stimulate and scratch the back of your cows, breast & sides. It supports the well-being of your cow herd.
Manure Scraper is characterized by simplicity and flexibility. Easy to install, operate and maintain. The ideal solution for varying types of animal sheds. Hydraulic dung removal systems have an unsurpassed stability of value and long life span. Even in the field of cable-drawn dung removal sliders for free pens, it ensures a clean future. The shallow slurry drain in the deep slurry gutter reduces the methane emissions from the cowshed, contributing sustainably to protecting the environment and preserving the social acceptance of cattle farming.
See pictures below.