Commercial vegetable project in a toughest and challenging environment


#21

Thank you ramu ji for valuable inputs…We hope more inputs and suggestions from you and GP Rao sir…


#22

Subsequent harvest of Capsicum 25 kgs in two days interval , all fresh and first grade capsicum fruits flying overseas from challenging environment …And Brinjal too is getting ready for harvest









#23

Hello Ramu,

Can you explain what exactly is “PLANT MICRO INJECTION” which you have mentioned in your earlier post.

Thanks for your help.


#24

The plant micro injection is meant for Brinjal shoot and fruit borer insect pest ( BSFB ) Leucinodes orbonalis that is a serious menace in brinjal cultivation causing great havoc of 70-100% crop loss…Earlier all classic pesticides like Carbomates, Organophosphate and synthetic pyrethroid were tried but control is a challenge …
Now new generation insecticides that combine two chemicals and sells at huge market price are also not giving complete remedy …

The brinjal Shoot and fruit borer that lays eggs on the under surface of leaves and after hatching the minute larva crawl along the petiole and damage the  base of the petiole , tender shoots and also side of the stem  at the base of the brinjal where the infectious larva cushion itself exactly in the conducting tissues like Xylem preventing flow of water to aerial part and brinjal twig dries …

Even when we spray the insecticide the broad leaves and wide canopy of foliage render spray  chemical ineffective due to poor penetration of spray to reach under surface of leaves where eggs and larve starts its journey and proceed to attack brnjal

So we use Veterinary syringe to inject the insecticide just below the point of infection at the stem base . The systemic insecticide injected pass along the water through conducting tissue Xylum …Since the larva is sitting and feeding mainly at cambium tissue at the periphery of the soft stem , it gets killed once and for all and its life cycle is arrested by preventing further stage of pupa , adult that lays eggs on leaves …

Also this micro injection needs to be done early when symptom is noticed in small scale below ETL level ( Economic Threshold Level of damage )

However this practice is impossible and highly unpracticable at later stage of damage and in large scale cultivation of brinjal …


#25

Great - Thanks Ramu for the detailed explanation.


#26

Also brinjal started to see this world with proper care in semi arid zone





#27

The capsicum is doing excellently well in semi arid climatic zone …No more it is a crop of costly cultivation technique like Hydrophonics in polyhouse or green house that involves huge expenditure in infrastructure , 24 hours electricity , costly nutrients , etc…etc…

It is really a crop of small and marginal farmers that can win life if he understand the requirement of vegetables in its own and right language - Right technology …

Next tomato follow suit









#28

Really the precision farming in semi arid land is performing excellently well …keeps producing more in a small area of 25 cents …Aiming to produce one MT per cent







#29

Sir,
I am reading your reports.Really it is like a bible of guidance for any farmers.
Yourself and G.P.Rao sirs,both are having tremendous energy for transforming your Knowledge and doing an exceptionally good job sir.
Mee iddariki na Hrudaya poorvaka namaskaralu (My hearty wishes to both of you)
Srinivas (Prakruthi)


#30

Thank you friend for your compliments but the credit goes rightfully to Dr.G.P.Rao sir…


#31

Agree.
It is one thing to have knowledge and another to actively share it. Kudos to our beloved stars RAMU and gprao garu.


#32

Very True. I talked with Mr Ramu and he shared all the details without hesitation, which is of immense help for a green newbie like me.

Thank you Mr Ramu.

Regards
Shan


#33

Second Mr.Shan…
Thanks Mr.Ramu.


#34

Thanks everybody for compliments …The reason for posting with picture here in this forum is to make people clearly understand what is real technology and how it works in bettering farmers life through enhanced yield and income …

We have planted 2000 brinjal plants on December 26 , now it is 80 days…First harvest started on February 26 th…So far harvested 2500 kg fruits that is at the production rate of 1.25 kg fruits per plant…Expected to produce about 10 kg per plant …





#35

Congratulations on this great achievement.
How much area did you plant 2000 plants?
What would be the approximate input costs (seeds, labor, fertilizers etc) per acre?


#36

It is about 28 cents land

28 cents * 40 sq m= 1120 sq m

At 4 feet spacing =1120/1.2 M= 933 running meter

At the spacing of 0.45 M between plants , total brinjal population = 2073 plants

After leaving gap and mortality we maintained around 2000 plants …

This is less dense planting at 1.78 plants per sq m instead of required plant density of 2.16 plants

To cultivate one acre hybrid brinjal in precision farming you will have to spend nearly Rs.64,000 per acre , but you will reap not less than 100 MT .At an average rate of Rs.10 per kg it fetch you around Rs.10 lac after giving cushion for agriculture risk …Your net return will be around Rs.9.0 to 9. 36 lac per acre …

This 9.36 lac is earned in about 7- 8 months period …

so Rs.9,36,000/8 months = Rs.1,17,000 / month

This amount is much more than what is earned in employment with any private or public sector organization


#37

That’s a great return (over 9 lacs per acre). Does the cost of Rs 64,000/acre include all costs including seeds, labor and fertilizers? How much water does the hybrid brinjal plants need? When is a good season(which month) for realizing optimal harvest?


#38

Generally there are 2 season for vegetable sowing …one is June - July and another is December -January in south India and in hills and Northern India the sowing season will differ a bit on account of  prevailing maximum -minimum temperature that impacts germination and growth of seeds …

This 64,000 rupees covers everything right from seeds to labour …

There is nothing like best season to grow vegetables…If you wait and sow in best season when everybody cultivate same crop in over large area  and the over production causing glut in price , your farm income will be less …If you cultivate in off season when cultivation of particular vegetable is done in relatively small area that supply  lesser quantity than market demand , your price will be more …

So it is all upto you to decide based on your ingenuity and  technical capability to produce particular vegetable efficiently …So you can plan cultivation that best fit in your location …

I was presented with lot of troubles by natural environment that is really horrible and unwelcome vis a vis few fellow worker that ridiculed me and even challenged me and completely changed my original cultivation plan…

I could manage nature by my ingenuity but these human factor like drip guy who installed drip system of third quality made of second hand material and offered 2 LPH emitter capacity instead of 4 LPH , altered emitter spacing to 0.45 M instead of our requirement of 0.6 M , Never fitted hydrocyclone filter that was mentioned in quotation and frightened everybody that the drip is not functioning well due to less ground water at very deep point …After a item by item verification I found the hydrocyclone filter was missing that caused blockage in drippers …After having shouted at the drip guy , he fitted the filter …Again labor problem …Our own guy created all the issue possible to see that i run out of the field soon leaving everything astray …

Even at one point of time he tried to make me scapegoat of his own mistake …He bluntly fixed me responsible for a disease that was deadly and about to kill all the brinjal .Fortunately I identified the cause and cured the disease and found out lastly that the particular person misbehaved by applying wrong spray at over dose …

Why I am telling you all these is that everybody needs to study their own environment and decide and plan farming project that is efficiently handled inspite of any unforeseen problems being it a season , choosing a variety , fixing a specific problem , following best and suitable technology that produce best result in your land , finding a market for your produce , deciding about optimum inputs and labour requirement …

Even though your eyes are falling in rest , your brain should always vibrate in sub conscious level  thinking about how to make the successful working of the project …

So the modern agriculture has already broken the convention and tradition …Today is a market economy …you need to work towards the market and plan your farming project in vertical integration …

so my best advise is please plunge headlong into the project and do your way you think best …


#39

Dear Dr Ramu sir,

Great job under your consultancy. I am very lucky, since i am a witness for this project. During 1 st week of March, we visited this project and felt happy. Met the owner sri Rajkumar sir and he also felt happy.

In a barren land, uneven levelled, a dry semi arid zone with caliculative water supply, results are are very encouraging.

As you said, precision farming is great. we should appreciate Israel govt, their agri dept and the Tamilnadu Agricultural univerity , TNAU, periyakulam and all their related professors, and all of you who participated then and continuing till now. Ofcourse, we  should appreciate all the Dharmapuri,  Dist farmers, of Tamilnadu, who practiced and practicing till now and gaining.

I appreciate Dr Ramu sir, as you are not forgetting your social responsibity to educate farmers, though you are a consultant. Also I hope Dr Ramu sir and also other qualified Horti/Agri consultants will continue in giving their warm hand to the needy farmers continuously.

with best wishes to all of you. g.p.rao,    farmer


#40

Dear Dr.G.P.Rao sir…I never used to do consultancy …If at all I want to do consultancy , here in and around chennai lot of people are inviting me for consultancy . I outright told no consultancy whatsoever . My tight work schedule never permit me to go out on doing consultancy anywhere …

The project owner insisted on doing an experimental project at his farm in bangalore …You know well that farm area does not even support drinking water needs of the local people …The water table has already gone deep beyond 1200 feet …The disadvantage is more than advantage …Wind speed is 17 KMS per hour , Soil profile is thin with subsoil hard layer interspersed with gravel and stone , Annual average rainfall for last 100 years reads just 550 mm …Temperature reading is high around 37 degree celsius …

Still the person compelled me to do the project …Inspite of detailed explanation about most disadvantageous position , he was ready to bear the brunt of loss …

Whether you believe it or not , I brought a water diviner from chennai who got an advanced and imported instrument that finds water precisely upto 2500 feet below ground and also the quality of water …

When neighbouring area is having water beyond 1200 feet down the surface , the machine located water at 320 feet and predicted promising aquiefer rock that hold huge water reserve…

I fixed the nursery and planting time and season after having gone through previous 100 years climatic and geological report pertaining to that location …The vegetable have gone through so many accidents - biotic stress caused by lot of pest and disease - Damping off , Early blight , Bacterial leaf spot , Aphids, Army worm and cut worm , Brinjal shoot and fruit borer , cercospora leaf spot , deficiency symptom like boron , calcium , magnesium , sulphur , copper and abiotic stress caused by high wind speed , sub soil hard layer , poor water and nutrient  holding capacity etc etc…

I really appreciate the owner of this project that is hardworking and kept working and working relentless until after he saw the success himself with all the limitations …
Of course we all say Israel is the pioneer in modern agriculture .That is certainly not …The pioneer in modern high tech agriculture is Japanese that invented precision technology hundreds of years back but the technology did not find much use in Japan and did not even spread to other part of the world due to communication problem and their peculiar scriptures and documents on japanese inventions …Of late the israelis horrible climate and poor natural resources like infertile land and poor and deficit water made them look for technology that led them to invent  drip irrigation that was their first step in practising modern agriculture …

In my dictionary social responsibility means helping the peasants and marginal farmers only and never the farmers who is working on commercial profit alone …

I an not just doing the project in Bangalore …In fact i am training 5 boys on Modern agriculture …I picked up these boys from govt Hr.Sec. School where they studied Agriculture vocational group …In one year time , I completely train them on hi tech agriculture technology like managing soil for better cultivation , Plant nutritions, and suitable method of applications , plant toxicology , pest and disease identification and management , Agriculture meteorology , plant protection chemicals and their use in specific crops , Irrigation techniques like drip and sprinkler , drought management, plant anatomy and reproductive biology , plant hormone and growth regulators , pruning and training for high yield , shadenet nursery , seeds and seedlings treatment, spray calibration and determination of spray quantity and complete organic production methods …

Helping helpless is the real social responsibility …

So I request you Dr.G.P.Rao sir to find a suitable placement for these boys after one year training at our farm …These boys are being trained first by Dr.Sezhian , a specialist on Agriculture entomology and now by me in direct field …