The summer has started this year earlier than normal. In our farm we have decided to drop cultivation till monsoons arrive due to reduced water level in bore well.
So, I want to discuss about land prep that can be done now for good crops in monsoon.
Deep Ploughing - I read somewhere that you should plough deep using disc upto 1-1.5 feet and let it bake in the sun. I want to know how this helps. I have read that abroad, they deep plough only once in 3 years.
Application of pond silt - Most of the farmers in our area start carving out the pond nearby in the summer and apply the mud to their fields. I havent seen any great yields in their farms. I havent done it once and see better yields by using organic manures like FYM or vermicompost. The cost of applying silt to 1 acre is equivalent to 3 tons of vermicompost. And one more thing that comes to mind is the salt content in the soil, when water evaporates or percolates, it leaves behind all the dissolved salts in the upper layer. This soil will have very high TDS or alkaline pH. I have resisted for 2 years, but now all the farmers are pushing me to use the pond silt as it will improve water retention capacity and so on. So my question is how does it help?
In general, if you have any other land preps that can be done, please let me know. I searched the forum and could not find any threads, if this already discussed, please point to correct thread.