Date palm - madhumitha (yellow) & sukriya (violet)

DATE PALM

yellow fruits - madhumitha
purple violet - sukriya

Tissue culture plant

spaced at 30 / 30 feet either side - 40 plants per acre

Each plant cost Rs. 2000 ( planted in the year 2008 )

Extent planted = 20 Acres

Location = Kadambathur block in Thiruvallur district 

Total plant cost for 20 Acres * 40 plants each * Rs.2000 = Rs.16,00,000 ( Rupees sixteen laksh only )

Fertilizers and manure  = Rs. 2,00,000 per year for 5 years = Rs.10,00,000

Drip irrigation for 20 acres = Rs.10,00,000 ( Netafirm )

Field preparation,  pit formation , weeding , farm machinary and equipment and plant protection  for 5 years = Rs.3,50,000

For 5 years total expenditure put together = Rs. 39.5 lac

Result

End of third year  30 % plants only were female trees 70% male trees … 240 female dates palms

Each palm on an average bore 20 kgs

Total yield for subsequent 2 years = 9600 kgs

Total income = 9600 Kgs @ Rs. 150 = Rs.14.4 lac

6 th Year all the palm date palm trees were sold @ Rs . 500 per palm = after mortality total  720 plants @ Rs.500 = Rs.3.6 lac …All were sold for ornamental gardens in chennai …

The Net gain / Loss to the farmer is ,  Total expenditure Rs.39.5 lac - Total income Rs.18 lac )= - Rs.21.5 lac

But the farmer is still happy because he tried new idea of cultivating Date palm in his field …The farmer is so rich .so he did not mind about loss…

However the real potential of earning from date pam is huge

Because each palm could able to produce an average yield of 40 kgs ( Range is 10 kgs ot 120 kgs / palm / year )

Per acre can accommodate 48 to 50 plants

10 % male palms for pollination purpose . so total female palm ( 90 % ) is 45 / acre

Total expected yield @ 40 kg / palm for 45 palm = 1800 kgs to 2000 kgs ( 2 MT )

Gross income @ Rs .200 / kg for about 2 MT = Rs.4,00,000 ( Rs.4 lac ) per acre per year …The gross income fluctuate based on the market price and quality …

Right  planting material , ideal spacing , manuring and fertilization including  micro nutrients management just around critical period of palm growth say flower initiation and fruits development ( 4 micro phase ), plant protection against red palm weevil and Fusarium wilt , bunch protection against pest and disease and bird attack , weed control and other cultural management will sure bring annual income of around Rs. 4 lac to 7  lac per acre …

An adage about Date palm is " Date palm grows with the feet under water , head under the fire "







Male flower white in color and small in size …Date palm needs more organic manures and good irrigation water …



Dear Sir,
If we ill get the saplings for cultivation @ 1/2 acre.
rgds
Sanjay
bhartiherbs@gmail.com