Certification in Organic Farming

Syllabus
(Week day)
Day One
ORGANIC FARMING
Introduction; Need of Organic Farming; Benefits of Organic Farming; Social aspects of Organic Farming; Market aspects of Organic Farming
ORGANIC FERTILIZERS
Introduction; Need of Organic Fertilizer; Benefits of Organic Fertilizer; Preparation of Organic Fertilizer; Demonstration & land preparation
Plant Nutrients: Name of plant Nutrients; Functions of Nutrients in plant growth and Development
Nutrient uptake and Utilization by plant: (From Organics) From Inorganic
Sources of nutrients for Organic Agriculture:
Organic Manure – FYM/Rural compost, City compost, Oil cakes, Animal wastes, Vermi composts, etc; Characterization and Nutrients content of the above sources (Data Chart); o Green Manure – Green Manure with Leguminous crops in crop rotation. In-situ incorporation of crop residues –Benefits; Liquid Manure
Day Two

  1. CERTIFICATION PROCESS and GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES
    Steps of certification
    Process

  2. WATER AND SOIL TESTING
    Soil: Definition; Soil formation; Composition and characteristics; Types of soil according to composition; Distribution of soil groups in W.B.; 2. Acidic, Alkaline and Saline soils; How they affect Agriculture; Method of reclamation; 3. Soil productivity: Meaning & Concept Difference between Soil Fertility and Productivity; Method of Increasing productivity and fertility

  3. Water Sampling and Quality Control:

  4. Determining the Sample Size

  5. Choosing a Sample Method

  6. How to Collect Water Samples

  7. How to Transport Water Samples

  8. How to Dilute a Water Sample

  9. Ensuring Quality Control

  10. Checklist for Field Work

  11. Health and Safety,

  12. Testing for Physical Contaminants

  13. WHO Guidelines for Physical Parameters

  14. Potential Health Effects

  15. Test Methods

  16. Testing for Chemical Contaminants Day Three

Day Three:

  1. USE OF MICROORGANISMS
    • Introduction
    • Need of Microorganism
    • Benefits of Microorganism
    • Management of Microorganism
  2. INDIAN COWS
  3. INTER CROPPING AND CROP ROTATION
    • Introduction
    • Importance
    • Benefits
    • Products
    Vegetable; Fruits; Flowering plants
    Plant Protection Measures: Integrated pest & disease managements. Organic pesticides, bio-pesticides. Inorganic pesticides, disadvantages of their use. Seed, seedling and soil Treatment measures. Feasibility of complete dependence on organic sources.
    Day Four
    • Important Medicinal Crops
    • Phyto Constituents
    • Importance of Neem in organic Agriculture
    • organic Agri-Horticulture in Urban & Semi urban areas
    • Quality Control and certification procedures of Organic products
    • Organic Production
    • Trade & Supply Chain Management
    Day Five
    Good Harvesting Practices; Storage; Transportation; Supply Chain
    Bio fertilizers and their method of use, Nitrogenous; Phosphatic; Potassic; Availability of Nutrients from above sources; Other Nitrogen contributing plants;
    Preparation of vermin compost: Pit construction; Raw materials; Availability of specific species of earth worm; Method of preparation; Quality improvement of finished vermin compost;

Day Six
Preparation of seed bed & raising of seedlings: Wet seedbed, manuring, sowing broadcasting; Dry seed bed, bed size, manuring, soil treatment ,actual sowing in line/broadcasting; weeding, watering, hardening of seedling, time requirement for seedling growth, uprooting seedlings
Physiological Diseases / Disorders: Identification, cause and effect ameliorating measures (soil/spray application Soil amelioration; Interaction
FIELD DEMONSTRATION
FEED BACK_DISCUSSION
VALIDATORY FUNCTION

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